In its resolution from 12 February 2019, the European Parliament showed the deficits in the implementation of the National Strategies for the integration of Roma and demanded therefore a stronger post 2020 EU-Framework. Without a doubt, there is progress in the four central fields of Roma integration – education, housing, employment and health. However, the unlimited health care of Roma is still not ensured.
In the frame of the strategic partnership „Roma HEALTH Care“ (2017-1-DE02-KA204-004216), the health situation of Roma in different European countries was complexly researched for the first time. In a dialogue with relevant stakeholders at the local/regional level, the results of this analysis were discussed, and the needs were selected that can be covered with support of European projects and the available resources on the spot.
The strategic partnership „Roma HEALTH Care II“ is one of those follow-up projects. Basically, it aims at the improvement of the health situation of Roma in the partner countries.
In order to achieve the objectives, health education centres shall be established in the involved Roma communities in which accordingly trained health mediators – Roma themselves – implement target group specific measures of adult education for raising the health literacy. The training of health mediators is based on a newly developed Curriculum. An especially developed Handbook serves them as accompanying reference book. Local Health Action Plans for Roma are the legal framework for their work.
The project will be realised by partners from Germany, North Macedonia, Greece, Hungary, Romania and Serbia. In the project, Roma are not only beneficiaries but actors. On one hand they will be involved in the elaboration of the Intellectual Outputs, trained as health mediators and multipliers, implement and assess the Test Phases and disseminate information on the project and its results. On the other hand, they will participate in the adult education measures for raising their health literacy and contribute themselves to the improvement of their health situation this way.
Thus, the three years project will concretely help to accomplish the demands formulated in the resolution of the European Parliament. This is particularly valid for the unlimited medical/health care and the active involvement of Roma and Roma communities in the development, implementation and evaluation of measures and projects for this target group.